Calas, Jean

(1698-1762)
   merchant
   Born in Lacabarède, near Castres, Jean Calas was a Calvinist merchant. Following the suicide of his eldest son, Calas tried to hide the fact but was accused of killing him to prevent his conversion to Catholicism. Jean Calas was subsequently condemned and executed. His family, with the help of voltaire, who wrote Traité sur la tolerance (1763) about the circumstances, succeeded in proving Calas's innocence and having him rehabilitated (1765). The Calas affair became an example of Catholic intolerance and persecution of Protestants.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Calas, Jean — ▪ French historian born March 19, 1698, Lacabarède, Fr. died March 10, 1762, Toulouse       Huguenot cloth merchant whose execution caused the philosopher Voltaire to lead a campaign for religious toleration and reform of the French criminal code …   Universalium

  • CALAS, JEAN —    a tradesman of Toulouse, whose son committed suicide, and who was charged with murdering him to prevent his going over to the Catholic Church; was tried, convicted, and sentenced to torture and death on the wheel (1762); after which his… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jean-François Lefèbvre — Jean François Lefèbvre, chevalier de la Barre (* 1746 in Férolles Attilly; † 1. Juli 1766 durch Hinrichtung in Abbeville/Somme) war ein französischer Adeliger, der Opfer eines religiös motivierten Justizmordes wurde. Sein Fall wurde in ganz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calas — Calas, Jean, ein reformirter Kaufmann in Toulouse, durch den an ihm verübten Justizmord berühmt. 1761 nämlich erhängte sich aus Schwermuth ein Sohn des C., das Gerücht, er habe ihn erwürgt, weil derselbe dem Beispiele eines Bruders folgen und… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Jean Calas — (1698 ndash; 1762) was a merchant living in Toulouse, France, famous for having been the victim of a biased trial due to his being a Protestant. In France, he is a symbol of Christian religious intolerance, along with Jean François de la Barre… …   Wikipedia

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  • Jean-Baptiste-Jacques Elie de Beaumont — Jean Baptiste Jacques Élie de Beaumont Jean Baptiste Jacques Élie de Beaumont, né à Carentan en 1732 et mort à Paris le 10 janvier 1786, est un avocat français. D’une vieille famille protestante de Normandie, Élie de Beaumont fut reçu au barreau… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste-Jacques Élie de Beaumont — Jean Baptiste Jacques Élie de Beaumont, né à Carentan en 1732 et mort à Paris le 10 janvier 1786, est un avocat français. D’une vieille famille protestante de Normandie, Élie de Beaumont fut reçu au barreau en 1752 et avocat au parlement de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CALAS (AFFAIRE) — CALAS AFFAIRE (1762) L’erreur judiciaire de l’affaire Calas, commise par le parlement de Toulouse en 1762, s’explique par l’intolérance religieuse persistant au siècle des Lumières. Louis XV considère les protestants avec une relative… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Calas — may refer to: *Calas (general), a general and satrap of Alexander the Great *Jean Calas, the Protestant executed for his faith in 1762 *Calas (food), a popular breakfast food in New Orleans *CALAS, Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal… …   Wikipedia

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